Apricots

Apricots

Apricots grown in the home have exceptional and juicy flavours. Some of its cultivars can be grown in cooler climates. You can grow them as pyramid trees, bushes, or fans.  

Growing Apricots

Protect the plants with horticulture fleece to avoid frosting of blossom. While protecting the plants, makes sure it doesn’t touch the flowers. You can remove these coverings during the day to ensure exposure to sunlight and pollination.

You can hand pollinate the plant using a cotton wool bud or soft artist’s brush to enhance the yield of trees. 

Below are the tips for the effective growth of this delicious fruit.

  • Thin out the heavy crops to ensure that plants are at least 3-4 inches apart. You can thin out the plants when the apricot is of hazelnuts size.
  • Remove the misshaped fruits first while thinning out.
  • Water the trees before the drought started. Besides, watering the plants is also essential once the fruit start swelling. 
  • Apply two handfuls of high potassium general fertilizer per square meter/yard in late winter. Vitax Q4 is the best general fertilizer. You can increase the fertilizer amount up to 2.5 handfuls if your apricot’s crop is in growing grass. 
  • Apply mulch to the plants’ roots in March or early April
  • Prune the branches from the July end to August end or in spring once the sap starts rising

Training

You can graft apricots both on the “Torinel” and “St Julien A” rootstock. Likewise, you can also grow fans. The growth reaches up to 13ft x 6.5ft n fans. The growth of the fan-trained apricots starts in early February. 

You can make the apricot fans as follows:

  • Cut the central feathered tree into two parts to make fan ribs.
  • Keep tying up the new shoots. 
  • Maintain a distance of 9 inches between the straining wires

Planting Apricots

Below are some tips for planting the apricots:

  • Choose a warm, south-facing and sheltered wall. Autumn is the perfect time for apricot planting because it’s the time when soil is warm.
  • Ensure the soil for apricot planting is deep, well-drained, moisture-retentive and alkaline.
  • Apply well-rotted organic matter to the earth before planting. Make sure you have applied one bucketful of mulch. 
  • Plant the apricot from November to March, the dormant season.

Harvesting Apricots

Late July to August is the time for picking the apricots. You can pick the fruits as soon as they are soft and easy to detach. Avoid damage or bruising while picking up the apricots.

You can’t store the apricots for too long. So, it’s advisable to eat them straight away after picking. However, you can dry and preserve them if you want to use them after few days. 

apricot

Common problems

Silver leaf

In this disease, plant leaves become silver. Moreover, the branches of the plants appear red when cut. 

Remedy

Prune the plants in early spring or from June end to August end

Bacterial canker

This dangerous stone fruit disease makes the plants hollow, accompanying a viscous ooze. It can make all the branches dead. 

Remedy

  • Prune the plants in July or August. You can either landfill or burn the pruning.  
  • Remove the damaged and cranked plant parts.
  • Use a wound paint to paint the wound to eliminate reinfection chances.

Glasshouse red spider 

Glasshouse red spiders survive in hot and dry weather. There are several symptoms that indicate that your plant is infected with Glasshouse red spider.

  • Leaves become pale and mottled.
  • Webs start covering the leaves. 
  • Mites are visible on webbings.
  • Leaves start falling off when they are immature.

Remedy

  • Mist the plants regularly 
  • Control the pest biologically in the greenhouse with a good spray killer

Birds

Birds, especially pigeons, can cause damage to the crop. They can eat seedlings, fruit, buds, leaves, and vegetables. So, it’s essential to save the plants from them.

Remedy

  • Cover the plants with fleece or net (it is the most reliable method). 
  • Bird-scaring or scarecrows could also help.

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07/19/2021 | Fruit | 0 Comments

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