Aubergines – Introduction
Cultivars of Aubergines with smaller fruits increase their popularity. These cultivars of the Aubergines also grow quickly. These plants love the warmer environment. Therefore, it is better to grow the aubergines in the greenhouse.
- Sow the seeds in a warmer environment if you want to sow indoors
- Sow the seeds in modules and pots in February. Ensure that pots are filled with compost.
- Sow the seeds in early January if you want to grow the plants in the greenhouse.
- Sow the seeds in early March if you want to grow the plants outdoors. Delay in sowing is essential because frost can damage these plants.
- Ensure that you have kept the modules and pots at 65–70°F. You can use either warm locations indoors or a heated propagator to maintain the temperature.
- Examine the seeds sown in airing cupboards regularly to remove seedlings as soon as they appear.
So, you don’t want to grow the Aubergines from seeds. It’s nothing to worry about. You can buy the young Aubergine plants from garden centres in spring. You can also go for grafted plants because they are vigorous in growth.
- The best conditions for growing Aubergines are a lot of sunlight and a lot of warmth. You can also grow them outdoors. However, you can do so in warmer and milder areas.
- Choose a 3.5 inches pot.
- Fill the compost in pots.
- Transfer the plants to 9 inches pots at different times based on the conditions you have sown the seeds.
- Transplant the plants grown in a heated greenhouse in April
- Transplant the plants grown in an unheated greenhouse in May
- Transplant the plants grown outdoors in late May/early June
Even the warmer areas of Britain are also good to plant the Aubergines. Here’re the tips for growing the Aubergine there.
- Choose a sheltered, sunniest and warmest place to grow these plants.
- Use cloches and polythene bags to cover the plants. It will keep the soil warm.
- Ensure a space of 2 ft between the plants
- Use fleece or cloches to cover and protect the young plants for another two weeks.
- Stake the plants when they are tall
- Tie the growing main stem
- Trim the main stem when plants have at least 1 ft length. It will encourage the development of side shoots.
- Water the plants regularly.
- Feed the plants with high potash fertiliser. You must feed the plants every two weeks from the time when fruit starts developing.
- Use tepid water to mist the plants. It will improve the fruiting by discouraging the appearance of red spider mites.
- Allow the formation of only 5-6 fruits. Start removing the further flowers once you achieve this number of flowers.
The harvesting time for Aubergines starts from August onwards. After that, you can pick the plants individually. Generally, it’s the glossy skin of the vegetable that indicates that your vegetable is ready to pick.
Glasshouse red spider or two-spotted mite
Here’re some symptoms that indicate the appearance of a two-spotted mite.
- Mottled Leaves
- Webbed leaves with a lot of mites on them
- Premature falling of leaves
- Mist the plants regularly
- Control the mites biologically
Small white flies suck the sap from the plants, excreting sticky honeydew over them. It results in the development of sooty mould over the plants.
Use sticky traps or biological control in the greenhouse.
They mostly appear as colonies of greenflies on leaves and soft shoot tips. These greenflies suck the sap, secreting sticky honeydew. It’s honeydew that results in the development of black sooty moulds.
- Squash the Aphid colonies with thumb or finger
- Control the aphids biologically
Try these recipes using aubergines from Jamie Oliver
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