Chilli Peppers

Chilli Peppers

Chilli pepper

Are you going to grow your own chilli peppers? It means you have a variety of options in flavours, shapes and colours. Even it is much easier to produce them. You can grow them in in greenhouse, in pots. You can also grow them outdoors. But you have to choose a sunny location then.

Sowing Chilli Peppers

Late winter to mid-spring is the right time to sow the chillies indoors.

  • Choose a pot
  • Fill it with compost.
  • Firm the compost gently.
  • Sow some seeds on the top of the compost
  • Apply vermiculite in a fine layer
  •  Put the pots in a sunny windowsill or warm propagator for quick germination of seeds.
  • Cover each of the pots with a plastic bag to get better humidity inside
  • Remove the pots from the propagator as soon as seedlings start appearing. Remove the plastic bag also.  
  • Plant all the seedlings in different pots when they are 1 inch tall. Ensure that all the pots have multipurpose compost
  • Water the seedlings regularly.
  • Keep the pots indoor. However, ensure that the final location of the pots is warm and sunny.

Growing Chilli Peppers

So, the chilly plants start growing, and you can see the root development through the drainage hole. Now, it’s time to transplant the plants into larger 5 inches pots.

  • Stake the plants with canes when they are 8 inches tall
  • Trim the shoot tips of 12 inches tall plants
  • Transplant the chilly plants to 9 inches pot in late May
  • Keep the plants in a greenhouse or outdoors when there is no frost
  • Ensure that plants are 18 inches apart
  • Cover the plants initially with cloches or fleece
  • Use bamboo canes to support tall plants
  • Water the plants regularly in hot and dry weather
  • Spread general purpose fertilizer in the crop every two weeks once flowers start appearing.  

Harvesting Chilli Peppers

The time to harvest the chillies starts from mid-summer. However, you can enjoy the fresh and fully flavoured chillies if you consider growing them in a greenhouse.

Use a secateurs or sharp knife to pick the chilli peppers.

Ensure that you’re regularly picking. It will encourage the development of more fruit. However, if you leave them on plants to ripe further, it means you’re suppressing further fruit production.

chilli peppers

Common problems

Whitefly

Small white flies suck the sap from the plants, excreting sticky honeydew over them. It results in the development of sooty mould over the plants.  

Remedy

Use sticky traps or biological control in the greenhouse.

Aphids

They mostly appear as colonies of greenflies on leaves and soft shoot tips. These greenflies suck the sap, secreting sticky honeydew. It’s honeydew that results in the development of black sooty moulds. 

Remedy

  • Squash the Aphid colonies with thumb or finger
  • Control the aphids biologically.  

Grey mould

Grey mould is fuzzy and grey fungal growth. It starts with discoloured patches. It mainly occurs in humid or damp conditions. The damaged parts of the plants are responsible for the entry of spores into plants.

Mould is also dangerous for ripening fruits, such as strawberries. The black spores of the mould stay throughout the winter.  

Remedy

  • Remove the damaged parts of the plant as soon as possible.
  • Clear all the debris infected with the mould
  • Reduce humidity in greenhouses. You can do so by avoiding the overcrowding of seedlings and young plants. Moreover, the ventilation of the greenhouses is an excellent option to keep mould away from your plants.

Check out The Chili Life for some great ways to use thew peppers

For more information or assistance with this article, or if you want to add something that you feel is relevant, we would love to hear from you via the Contact Us page.

09/03/2021 | Vegetables | 0 Comments

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