Companion Planting

Companion Planting

Companion planting is the process of growing two or more plants together in a garden that enjoy each other’s company. It is beneficial for bringing diversity and, at the same time, sustainability. It is also helpful in increasing productivity and crop yield. 

Even though there are diverse perspectives on companion planting, focus on bringing in the right plant combination. If you opt for the wrong plants, it might have an adverse impact. 

For instance, cultivating beans near garlic is an example of a bad combination of plants. When you practice this method correctly, you can overcome several problems you might face in the garden. From pest reduction to removing weeds, companion planting can be highly beneficial to your plot. 

When we look at the history of companion farming, the Chinese have been practising it for thousands of years. As an example, they planted mosquito ferns next to rice crops to reduce pest infestations. Similarly, farmers from North America also started adopting this technique centuries ago. It is a traditional way of cultivating crops and increasing yield.

Most gardeners grow vegetables as companion plants. However, it is not always necessary as we can grow flowering plants too. For instance, having Calendula in your garden can attract wasps and hoverflies to its flower. Through this, you can reduce the impact on your crops.

The benefits of companion planting

When you opt for companion planting, it helps create a self-defensive mechanism. Through this, the plants can overcome diseases and other issues. Here are some other benefits associated with companion planting.

· Reduce pest attacks.

Pest infestation is a serious problem confronted by most gardeners. Gardeners can reduce attacks from pests by adopting companion planting. For instance, growing garlic or onions in your garden next to carrots can help in repelling pests. By adopting this method, it is also easy to attract beneficial insects to your garden. Through this, you can also suppress the weeds present. You can reduce it by cultivating upright plants.

· Enhance soil fertility.

Soil fertility is an essential factor in increasing crop yield and, at the same time, improving plant health. For instance, planting legumes can furnish nitrogen content to the soil. 

When it comes to plants with long taproots, they can take the nutrients deep into the soil and provide enrichment.

· Bring diversity.

Gardeners must give importance to biodiversity while cultivating plants. Here, you can plant edible and flowering plants together. Through this, you can enhance the process of pollination, which will be beneficial for plant growth. Adopting companion planting with vegetables can also help create biodiversity.

· Reduce diseases.

With companion planting, you can reduce the diseases faced by plants in your garden. They can also furnish essential nutrients to the plant, which can assist in enhancing plant growth. However, you need to focus on the type of plants you are planting in your garden too.

· Help manages space.

Companion planting is highly beneficial for urban gardeners. The reason behind this is the lack of space that many growers suffer from. By following this method, you can plant a wide variety of crops in the area you have.

Which vegetables to plant together?

Here are some of the plants that you can plant together that can be beneficial for your garden. They can increase crop yield, offer protection, and keep the soil fertile.

· Planting basil and tomatoes can be highly beneficial. Some growers believe that basil can reduce the pests that attack tomatoes. It can confuse whiteflies, spider mites, mosquitos, etc. The fragrance from basil can help in enhancing the pollination process.

companion planting

· Growing corn, aubergines, and onion together can also be helpful. Here, Aubergines can remove aphids. When it comes to corn, it is a plant that undergoes wind pollination. 

· Note: while planting, you must ensure that all the plants receive an adequate amount of sunlight.

Corn can act as the support system for the plants. · You can plant corns, beans, and squash or pumpkin together. Beans can fulfil the nitrogen requirements needed for the other two plants. When it comes to squash, it protects the soil and also reduces weeds.

These are the different companion plants that you can grow together. By adopting this strategy while planting, you can increase diversity, crop yield, and sustainability in your garden.

companion planting
Planting Guide by Thompson-Morgan

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06/25/2021 | Blog | 0 Comments

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