Nectarines

Nectarines

Nothing can replace the taste of sweet and juicy Nectarines. Despite its exotic appearance, growing a worthwhile crop doesn’t demand much effort and experience. 

Growing

The nectarines flowers appear once in the early year. So, protect the plants from frost to prevent any harm. 

The presence of few pollinating insects around the flowers demands hand pollinations. To ensure it, press the paintbrush bristles for a few minutes over several sunny afternoons.

  • Water the plants regularly in dry and sunny weather 
  • Avoid irregular or excessive watering so that there is no skin splitting.  
  • Water the trees that are grown in containers every day 
  • Feed the plants with high potash fertiliser every few weeks.
  • Use John Innes No 3 loam-based potting compost to place the nectarines in containers every few years. 
  • Thin out the plants once the fruit starts appearing
  • Trim and dispose of the misshapen fruits when they reach the width of your little fingernail.  
  • Protect the fruits from foraging squirrels and birds when they are developing
  • Feed the plants with high potash fertiliser in late winter. Spread two handfuls of fertiliser in each square metre/yard of the trees grown in the bare soil. However, add 2.5 handfuls of fertiliser to the trees grown in the grass.

Pruning fan-trained trees

Shoots produced in the previous season are the places where fruits appear. Prune these shoots to replace the fruited wood with fresh and younger wood. 

Prune the fan trained fruit trees in summer. It ensures the maintenance of shape and development of fruiting wood. 

Planting

The best time to plant bare-root nectarines starts from November to March. You must plant the nectarines 6-8 inches away from the wall. 

Fan train the nectarines against the southwest or south wall to have a good crop. You can also fence the plants in well-drained and moisture-retentive soil. 

  • Plant the nectarines in sheltered places to avoid frost damage  
  • Erect the wires along with the vertical support before wiring. Make sure these wires are 6 inches apart and are 12 inches above the soil level. 
  • Make sure the plants are 12-15 ft apart.

You can also purchase partially trained plants to save your money and time. To plant partially trained plants, spread them over the wall surface such that there are four branches on each side. Then tie these plants to canes attached to the wall wires. 

Growing in containers

To grow the nectarines in containers, follow these tips

  • Choose 18 inches containers 
  • Fill the containers with John Innes No 3 compost
  • Prune the plants annually 

Harvesting

The first question that may spring to mind is when you should harvest the nectarines? 

Well, harvest the plants when there is a change in fruit colour and flesh start appearing near the stalk. 

Handle the fruit in your palm and lift it gently.

nectarines

Visit the trees regularly to pick the fruits that are ready to harvest. But, of course, you can’t harvest all the fruits once. 

Common problems

Peach leaf curl

It is a fungal disease that distorts the leaves. In this disease, pink blisters covered with white spores appear on the leaves. Premature foliage falling is another symptom of this disease.  

Remedy

Cover the plants with rain shelters from January to May. Rain splash helps in the spreading of the fungal spores, preventing this disease. 

Squirrels

Grey squirrels feed on the developing fruits. They remove ripe fruits and leave tell-tale holes.

Remedy

You can’t stop squires invade your garden. However, if you place netting over damaged plants, it’s helpful.  

Brown scale

They suck the tree saps and secrete a sticky substance known as honeydew. That sticky substance encourages the growth of sooty moulds. You would generally notice this past on stems and under the leaves.

Remedy

Remove the pests manually.

Check out a dozen recipes using nectarines from Delish

For more information or assistance with this article, or if you want to add something that you feel is relevant, we would love to hear from you via the Contact Us page.

08/15/2021 | Fruit | 0 Comments

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