Nothing can replace the taste of sweet and juicy peaches. But, contrary to what you might think, growing a worthwhile crop doesn’t demand much effort and experience.
The peaches flowers appear once in the early year. So, you will need to protect the plants from frost to prevent any harm.
The presence of few pollinating insects around the flowers demands hand pollinations. To ensure it, press the paintbrush bristles for a few minutes over several sunny afternoons.
- Water the plants regularly in dry and sunny weather
- Avoid irregular or excessive watering so that there is no skin splitting.
- Water the trees in containers every day
- Feed the plants with high potash fertilizer every few weeks.
- Use John Innes No 3 loam-based potting compost to place the peaches in containers every few years.
- Thin out the plants once the fruit starts appearing
- Trim and dispose of the misshapen fruits when they reach the width of your little fingernail.
- Protect the fruits from foraging squirrels and birds when they are developing
- Feed the plants with high potash fertilizer in late winter. Spread two handfuls of fertilizer in each square metre/yard of the trees grown in the bare soil. However, add 2.5 handfuls of fertilizer to the trees grown in the grass.
Pruning fan-trained trees
Shoots produced in the previous season are the places where fruits appear. Prune these shoots to replace the fruited wood with fresh and younger wood.
You should prune the fan trained fruit trees in summer. It ensures the maintenance of shape and development of fruiting wood.
The best time to plant bare-root peaches starts from November to March. You must plant the peaches 6-8 inches away from the wall.
You must fan train the peaches against the southwest or south wall to have a good crop. You can also fence the plants in well-drained and moisture-retentive soil.
- Plant the peaches on the sheltered places to avoid frost damage
- Erect the wires along with the vertical support before wiring. Make sure these wires are 6 inches apart and are 12 inches above the soil level.
- Make sure the plants are 12-15 ft apart.
- You can also purchase partially trained plants to save your money and time. To plant partially trained plants, spread them over the wall surface such that there are four branches on each side. Then tie these plants to canes attached to the wall wires.
Growing in containers
To grow the peaches in containers, follow these tips.
- Choose 18 inches containers
- Fill the containers with John Innes No 3 compost.
- Prune the plants annually
you may be thinking – when should I harvest the peaches?
Well, harvest the plants when there is a change in fruit colour and flesh start appearing near the stalk.
Handle the fruit in your palm and lift it gently
- Visit the trees regularly to pick the fruits that are ready to harvest. You can’t harvest all the fruits at the same time.
Peach leaf curl
It is a fungal disease that distorts the leaves. In this disease, pink blisters covered with white spores appear on the leaves. Premature foliage falling is another symptom of this disease.
Cover the plants with rain shelters from January to May. Rain splash helps in the spreading of the fungal spores, preventing this disease.
Grey squirrels feed on the developing fruits. They remove ripe fruits and leave tell-tale holes.
You can’t stop squires invade your garden. However, if you place netting over damaged plants, it’s helpful.
They suck the tree saps and secrete a sticky substance known as honeydew. You would generally notice this past on stems and under the leaves.
Remove the pests manually.
Check out these easy peach recipes from Olive Magazine
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