The quinces are aromatic, large, and yellow and grow perfectly in a sunny position. You can make jams or jelly with it. Besides, you can also preserve it and eat it with cheese. Make your fruit garden more versatile by planting quinces. You don’t have to take care of it much. Besides, they’re resistant to many fruit problems.
Here’re some tips to have an effective Quinces crop.
- Water the plants well during dry spells
- Feed the plants with high potash fertiliser. One handful of Vitax Q4 in each square metre/yard is enough for trees grown in bare soil. On the other hand, 1.5 handfuls of fertiliser are required for trees grown in the grass.
- Apply 3 inches of mulch layer around the plant base
- Apply the high potash fertiliser to the plants grown in pots
- Drain away the excess moisture from the containers by raising them to the pot feet
- Remove diseased, dead and damaged stems in the winter.
- Thin out the unproductive and congested stems
You can buy the grafted plants of the quinces. Some examples of the grafted plants are
- Quince A, which includes semi-dwarfing rootstocks
- Quince C, which includes dwarfing rootstock
The sizes and shapes of the quinces vary from large spreading trees to half standards. Half standards are suitable for pots and small gardens. The approximate height and spread of free-standing trees are 3.75-5m. However, the exact spread depends on the soil type, position, and rootstock.
The long growing season of the Quinces demands the fan training of the quinces against the west or south-facing wall in northerly and exposed gardens.
Free-standing trees positioned in sunny locations are best for the gardeners in coastal or urban and sheltered or warmer climates.
Moist and well-drained soils are best to grow the quinces. However, if the soil is shallow or light chalky, add organic matter first and then mulch the soil before planting.
On the other hand, you can plant the quinces’ compact forms in containers with soil-based compost.
The months of October or November are the best time to harvest the fruit of the quince. Golden or light yellow colours and an intense aroma are the indications for riped quinces.
Only pick intact and healthy quinces and store them in dark, dry and cool places on shallow trays. However, don’t use the quince fruits immediately after harvesting and allow them to mature for six weeks before use.
Quince leaf blight
This fungal disease mainly occurs in the wet season. Consequently, there would occur premature leaf falling and leaf spotting. Even you will notice the distortion and spots on the fruits.
- Dispose of the infected leaves
- Rake up the plants to prevent the overwintering
- Prune the dead shoots in winter
- Water and feed the plants well for better foliage growth.
It is a fungal disease. It appears as brown rot in fruits or blemishes on the fruit surface. The disease gets worse during the wet summers.
Remove and destroy the rotten fruits. Otherwise, the disease will spread throughout the plant.
Summer is the season when codling moth’s caterpillar burrows into the quince. As a result, fruits will become infested with excrement and tunnels.
- Hung the pheromone containing traps in the tree branches to lure and trap the male moths. It will reduce the success of mating in females.
- Spray a biological control on quinces and soil surrounding the trees in autumn. It will kill the caterpillars to leave fresh and healthy fruits.
If you have never tried quinces before, here’s how to cook them from Kitchn
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