Strawberries

Strawberries

Strawberries

The taste of home-grown fresh strawberries is delicious. So, you must grow them in your garden. You can grow the strawberries anywhere you want, either it’s hanging baskets, containers, or borders. 

Growing Strawberries

  • Water the plants during the growing phase and dry weather conditions.
  • Wet the fruits and crowns while watering. It will not allow the diseases to spread.  
  • Spread high potash fertilizer in early spring
  • Feed the strawberries grown in growing bags and containers with high potash liquid feed every 1-2 weeks.
  • Net the plants to protect from birds
  • Use wire mesh to protect the strawberries from the squirrels.
  • Cover the plants with fleece to protect them from frost damage  
  • Remove the emerging weeds.
  • Trim the older leaves to encourage the development of fresh strawberry leaves. This step is essential for summer fruiting. However, you can skip this step for plants that fruit in autumn.
  • Rotate the strawberry patch to a fresh place to reduce the disease risk.

Planting

The location where you want to plant the Strawberries must be sunny, fertile, sheltered with well-drained soil.

  • Avoid planting the strawberries in frosty locations.
  • Avoid planting the strawberries in the area that previously had tomato, potato, or chrysanthemums crops.
  • Plant strawberries in raised beds if the soil on the planting site is poor. It will help in drainage improvement.
  • Avoid planting the strawberries in windy places that cause poor pollination.
  • Choose only disease-resistant cultivars from trusted suppliers.

Strawberries are available both as bare-rooted and potted plants. You can plant the potted plants immediately after buying them.  

On the other hand, runners contain only a few leaves. These are available from late summer to early spring. Besides, cold-stored runners are also available in the market. You can plant them from late spring to early summer. The good thing is that you can enjoy their delicious fruit within 60 days of planting.

How to plant strawberries?

Firstly, prepare the soil

  • Dig in garden compost and well-rotted manure
  • Spread general-purpose fertilizer
  • Dig 14 inches holes
  • Ensure that rows are 30 inches apart
  • Cut down the roots to a length of only 4 inches  
  • Place the crown base on the surface. Plant it neither too shallow nor too deep. Take this step seriously.
  • Water the plants regularly
  • Dispose of the first flush of flowers for autumn and spring plantation
  • Dispose of the flowers of summer strawberries-only if they are weak.
  • Don’t remove the flowers of cold-stored runners planted in late spring to early summer.

Harvesting

The harvesting time for strawberries starts from early summer to early autumn based on the cultivar you have sown.  

The bright red colour of the strawberry fruit indicates the ripening of strawberries. Therefore, you must pick the strawberry fruits during the warmest time of the day.

Try to eat them immediately after picking because they change their shape when frozen.

strawberries

Common problems

Grey mould

Grey mould is fuzzy and grey fungal growth. It starts with discoloured patches. It mainly occurs in humid or damp conditions. The damaged parts of the plants are responsible for the entry of spores into plants.

Mould is also dangerous for ripening fruits, such as strawberries. The black spores of the mould stay throughout the winter.  

Remedy

  • Remove the damaged parts of the plant as soon as possible.
  • Clear all the debris infected with the mould
  • Reduce humidity in greenhouses. You can do so by avoiding the overcrowding of seedlings and young plants. Moreover, the ventilation of the greenhouses is an excellent option to keep mould away from your plants.

Powdery Mildew

Leaves become stunted and shrink as white powdery deposit forms on the leaf surface.

Remedy

  • Grow the plant in colder conditions
  • Keep the soil moist.

Frost damage

Frost hinders the growth of strawberry plants. It leads to distorted plants and even plant death.

Remedy

  • Remove the plant parts with reduced growth
  • Cover the bed with fleece. Consider using a double layer of fleece.

Vine weevil

Adult weevil feeds on leaves edges. On the other hand, larva damages the roots. Even they cause plant death.

Remedy

Use biological control.

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09/03/2021 | Vegetables | 0 Comments

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